Extension 4- Perfecting a new manipulation
Figure 5 schedule of Creatio PCB
The cycle toddler- child- adult also takes place at the formation of a new manipulation but then smeared over several generations
When a child-primate for the first time is copying nut cracking with a stone from his mother that will still happen very awkward. Only after years of practice he will adopt the intricacies. He has taught a number of elements such as:
- select proper size and shape of hammer stone
- Ditto for Anvil
- Knowing how the hammer stone should hit the nut and also have control on this
- Which combination of weight and battle speed has the most effect and also have control on it.
Of the four types of chimpanzees I had chosen Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii as ancestor of man. Of this kind the cracking of nuts is not observed. I assume that the successors of the species schweinfurtii still went to control this technigue. I call that successor primate
All this is gradually recorded on his PCB, so the initially scantly filled plate will gradually mature with these skills. This happens thanks to his intelligence phrased in Creatio PCB.
I will mark this in the intelligence model with the length of the line which represents the printed board.
An example: a chimpanzee child learns to crack a nut.
The first step of the circuit board occurs when the child sees his mother busy with cracking a nut and he also picks up a stone to imitate her.
Researchers have observed that this is accompanied witth a lot of playfulness, any orientation is yet out of the question. For example, there will be beating aimlessly with a boulder or stick on an anvil stone there is throwing with nuts and stones without any use. Although this phase makes them familiar with the attributes, they learn slamming movements, they get a feeling how speed and beat direction has certain effects.
Thus arise the first extensions of the PCB. Only after a few years, there will more directly experimented and will the PCB really grow.
A part of the growth occurs by chance, so he discovers by accident that a nut on its side cracks open easier than upright (at an oblong nut). But also by Creatio PCB better techniques arise. For example, he hits harder at a tough nut, that really involves intelligence.
The operation of Creatio PCB will mainly occur in the youth phase of the individual but can later quite yet be dealt with. For example, the stone with the proper weight is not available, and he has to hit with a light stone extra hard by lifting this higher. Observations in the wild has turned out that a youngster needs ten years to master the cracking of a nut completely.
Observations also revealed that with chimpanzees the mother is not acting as an intended instructor. However, once has been observed that she exchanged a working spot for another because her child's could better see her being busy. A very first step to intended education..
To continue the terminology of the boats: the boat was initially small and grew during learning to to a big boat.
In the above reasoning, I let intelligence express himself in a playfulness. When playfulness is an expression of intelligence, do I have to define a new creatio for it?
The child had received Creatio PCB as a hereditary property. That does not mean, however, that he could apply a learned manipulation (for example, the technique of cracking nuts) already skillfully.
He began by imitating cracking nuts in a fun way but he was incapable to keep with the lesson, he constantly derailed which degenerated in aimlessly fling and fooling around. That's what we call playing, but playing is in fact an inept application of Creatio PCB. So much for the growth of a manipulation in one generation.
There is also a case of growth of a manipulation when it happens during many generations.
That what the child learns step by step in one youngster phase, has been built up by his ancestors. That went according to a process by which each generation improved a bit to the Circuit board he had copied from his mother, by a learning process. That is, he discovered that with adjusting a manipulation the intended purpose was obtainable with more effect.
This is an evolution of a skill which in part came about by intelligence and thereby went much faster than a purely Darwinian evolution because that one depends entirely on random events.
I'm going to give an example of a technique that has improved for several generations thanks to the Creatio PCB:
A chimp living in the wild is still able to drink water hidden in a cavity. He crams a number of tree leaves in his mouth and submerges the thus formed ball with his hand through the opening in the water.(Tonook, 2001). This manipulation has arissen by Creatio PCB as follows ( I number the steps for clarity)
- A thirsty ancestor started to dip a branch from a high wall into open water, after taking back the branch allowing the dripping to flow into his mouth (by Creatio chance still coming, he discovered that dripping water)
- He moved the branch sideways through his mouth to take off the water,
- He picked leaves instead of branches because he noticed at one branch, where still some leaves were left, that more water accumulated there and pasted those in his mouth. He compressed the water from between the leaves with teeth and tongue and there arose a ball, which he emeged in the water again.
- From now on, he started directly with making a ball that he used as sponge to retain water from places he can't reach with his his head.
This development occurred during many generations, each generation continued with what the previous generation had improved or not.
So much for the development of the printed board over generations
So Creatio PCB has two modes of appearance depending on the life stage of the Chimp:
- a. an acquiring of a printed board during the youth in so far it was at that time.
- b. During adulthood an improvement of a PCB which occurs during many generations.