Extension table 24-hominids and the locations of their fossils in East-Africa
To this table belongs a map, see the book: Figure 18, paragraph 7a source: Smithsonian National or Natural History, WIKI, extension 25 and General.
Usage instructions table and maps (drawing up of this list in addition to headers of table in facing page)
The table contains the following basic data:
age of the youngest and oldest fossils (top two rows)
scientific name (third row, there a sequence number is added to follow the track downwards)
names of the fossil locations (and the location in the map)
At the intersection of location and name of hominid colored boxes indicate the nature of the finds as follows:
Skeleton (most essential parts are available)
Skull also if only fragments are available
Only found as loose skeleton parts, very often lower jaw, choose, and teeth and postcranial skeleton pieces (in English: postcranial)
Nature of find could not be traced
you want to know where and what has been found about Homo Erectus. Follow nr. 16 down and finds a yellow box at Herto Bouri (in East Africa) indicating that there loose skeleton parts or choose are found. The number of the findingspot is 14 with coordinates 10.25/40.56. In the enlargement "Middle Awash" of the map of Fig. 2b-6
Going further down you will find the following sites:
Koobi Fora (East Africa), nr. 28, 3.91/36,33
Olduvai Gorge (East Africa). Nr. 37,-2.99/35.35
Outsite this map there are still more finding spots:
Terni fine (Algeria), no. 53, 35.39/0.20
Zhoukoudian (China), 61,
on Java are another five sites.
Notes in the table
- of place, mountains or area, The source General
- sites are marked with longitude and latitude in decimals to two decimal places. The values are derived from fossil databases but in some cases calculated from all kinds of map data. Those cases are identified by a dotted underline, so that are global values. The notation longitude and latitude is separated by a slash, first the longitude. The values in Northern height are positive, those of South height negative. The values in latitude direction are positive towards the East. Example: Olduvai Gorge:-2.99/35.35. This place is 2.99 degrees below the Equator and 35.35 degrees East of the Greenwich line. The sourtce for the location of the sites you will find in E8.
- Scientific names hominid species and periods in which fossils were found. Source: general
- This fossil Orrorin tugenensis was baptized by the finders later it got in the classification system a place in the Praeanthropus
- according to some scientists hear this fossil belongs to Homo rudolfensis
- was initially classified as Homo erectus
- the precise location in the gorge (by Margaret Cropper in 1962) is probably different than shown here, this could not be unravelled Some scientists believe that this fossil belongs genus Australopithecus.
- Initially classified as Australopithecus
- Belongs to a group about which different opinions exist. According to some scientists this fossil is a Homo Sapiens. Also one can find literature in which the skull cap is qualified as old Neanderthal. The controversies arise because this fossil only represents a skull cap
- There is not a general acceptance for these types of humanid, there is no agreement that there is a convincing distinction between Heidelbergensis and Homo Rhodesiensis among themselves and with their predecessors and descedents. Therefore, there is only the first reference in filled for Homo Rhodesiensis. Schwartz, 2002 calls it a holotype (not yet fully described life form) for a Homo Sapiens Protosapiens.
- The calculated age (0.07 Ma) of the jaw does not match that one would expect from the shape. That shape would match better with jaw shape of fossils around 0.2 Ma, the finding spot is therefore not included in this file.