Summary and introduction
A new intelligence theory has been introduced in two previous articles. That theory describes what intelligence is and how it works. The probability that this theory reflects the reality, is great because it explains many well-known but still not well understood phenomena within humans. In this article the findings of the previous articles are listed and besides that it appears that animals possess a fundamental ability that is of the same order as their ability to reproduce themselves. This article is a summary of a theory that is described in a Dutch manuscript zonder Handen geen Intelligentie (without Hands no Intelligence), and is provided with references.
The fundamental principle of theory F is that an animal has the ability to invent new manipulations with an advantage. However, the expression of this ability depends on two conditions:
- the competence of the attributes to perform the manipulations
- the habitat in which the animal lives
In the Picture Story of article 1, condition 1 is clarified.
Think again of the human brain in a horse.
He cannot do anything with all of the stored manipulations because he does not have the required attributes.
With regard to the habitat: an animal uses the living and dead objects available in his environment. The prevailing climate determines how he does it. An animal in a given habitat achieves a final score in inventing new manipulations because all of the available manipulable objects have been given a function in his way of life.
The predecessors of mankind arrived by accidental circumstances in successive habitats that kneaded these predecessors to humans. It started in the tropical part of Africa 60 Ma ago when a small animal changed his ground dwelling for an existence in trees. That habitat caused the development of grabbing limbs and a ball-and-socket joint in his shoulder to move faster through the canopies. This resulted in a chimpanzee 6 Ma ago (Ma = million années).
Due to a tectonic effect, which started 10 Ma ago in East Africa, the local jungle changed into a savannah, thus a new habitat. The chimps living there had to switch to a ground dwelling. They became biped and scavengers and used boulders to crack bones and skulls for the nutritious content. They developed an opposable thumb and started to make cutting tools from boulders. The passing on of the stone techniques from generation to generation resulted in spoken language.